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Pathfinder Pack on 1960s Housing

 

Introduction

The 1960s saw the building of much high-rise housing. This was seen as the best way to rehouse people from the slum areas and to reduce the long waiting lists that had developed in many cities. Longer term it was accepted that many high-rise blocks were not a success. Aberdeen began a multi-storey building programme after visits by its Housing Committee in 1959 to schemes in Roehampton in London and Glasgow. The Gallowgate II development was built in Aberdeen in 1964. The site includes Seamount Court, a 19-storeyed slab block containing 126 flats and Porthill Court, a nine-storeyed slab block of 72 flats. High-rise housing in Falkirk was designed to house those displaced through slum clearance. Blocks were constructed by bolting together pre-cast sections. High-rise flats were built at Callendar Park. The Red Road flats were built between 1962 and 1969 to accommodate people after widespread demolition of slum housing in Glasgow. The development held 4,700 people over an 8.7 hectare site, the same as a small town. The site contained six 31-storeyed tower blocks with 720 flats; two 27-storeyed slab blocks; and one three-storeyed block. The blocks were declared unfit for habitation in 1980, and have since been converted to other uses. At the time of construction, these structures were the tallest residential blocks in Europe. The Whitfield development in Dundee was constructed between 1967 and 1972. It consisted of two 16-storeyed blocks, low flats, cottages and 130 deck access blocks arranged in a hexagonal pattern. Circular areas were created for drying clothes. The linked blocks were built using the 'Skarne' composite system, which used both pre-fabricated panels and sections made on site. Not all new housing in the 1960s was high rise. New housing built in the Abbeyhill area of Edinburgh in 1968 consisted of terraced two-storey buildings more akin to cottages. Across Scotland in the 1960s there continued to be problems with overcrowding and there were still stark contrasts in housing conditions. Cramped flats in parts of Edinburgh, such as East Adam Street, still existed well into the 1960s and were still housing families of ten people in 1968. New Towns became a feature of the 1960s. By this time it was recognised that where large amounts of new housing was built, other facilities were also required. Cumbernauld New Town was built between 1959 and 1974. The first areas of housing were built close to the Town Centre building, which accommodated shops, administration offices, parking and flats in a single complex. The Seafar Area Housing consists of two-storeyed houses built between 1960 and 1962, with single-pitched roofs, irregularly positioned on a sloping site. Terraced houses constructed from brick and then rendered and painted were also built, with walkways and landscaped areas. Planning for New Towns included community buildings such as schools, shops and churches. St Columba's Parish Church, parochial centre and manse, was built in the New Town of Glenrothes in 1960. The building's plan is based on that of the nearby Burntisland Church and features a centrally placed altar, pulpit and font with choir and organ behind. The building has a canopy sheltering the path to the main entrance and a tall steel bell-tower above. During the 1960s, owner-occupation was becoming more common and many new houses were also being built for purchase.

Scran ID: 000-000-001-233-L
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